Hadoop HDFS most popular Configuration Properties

dfs.namenode.name.dir

Specifies where on the local filesystem the DFS name node stores the name table (fsimage). If this is a comma-delimited list of directories then the name table is replicated in all of the directories, for redundancy.

dfs.namenode.edits.dir

Specifies where on the local filesystem the DFS name node stores the transaction (edits) file. If this is a comma-delimited list of directories, the transaction file is replicated in all of the directories, for redundancy. The default value is set to the same value as dfs.namenode.name.dir.

dfs.namenode.checkpoint.period

Specifies the number of seconds between two periodic checkpoints.

dfs.namenode.checkpoint.txns

The standby creates a checkpoint of the namespace every dfs.namenode.checkpoint.txns transactions, regardless of whether dfs.namenode.checkpoint.period has expired.

dfs.namenode.checkpoint.check.period

Specifies how frequently to query for the number of un-checkpointed transactions.

dfs.namenode.num.checkpoints.retained

Specifies the number of image checkpoint files to be retained in storage directories. All edit logs necessary to recover an up-to-date namespace from the oldest retained checkpoint are also retained.

dfs.namenode.num.extra.edits.retained

Specifies the number of extra transactions which are retained beyond what is minimally necessary for a NN restart. This can be useful for audit purposes or for an HA setup where a remote Standby Node might have been offline and need to have a longer backlog of retained edits to start again.

dfs.namenode.edit.log.autoroll.multiplier.threshold

Specifies when an active namenode rolls its own edit log. The actual threshold (in number of edits) is determined by multiplying this value by dfs.namenode.checkpoint.txns. This prevents extremely large edit files from accumulating on the active namenode, which can cause timeouts during namenode start-up and pose an administrative hassle. This behavior is intended as a fail-safe for when the standby fails to roll the edit log by the normal checkpoint threshold.

dfs.namenode.edit.log.autoroll.check.interval.ms

Specifies the time in milliseconds that an active namenode checks if it needs to roll its edit log.

dfs.datanode.data.dir

Determines where on the local filesystem an DFS data node should store its blocks. If this is a comma-delimited list of directories, then data is stored in all named directories, typically on different devices. Directories that do not exist are ignored. Heterogeneous storage allows specifying that each directory resides on a different type of storage: DISK, SSD, ARCHIVE or RAM_DISK.